Transcript of A Brief Introduction to Aboriginal Australian culture
Haidarr Jones: Hey everyone, today we will teach you about Indigenous Australian culture. Acknowledgement: First we would like to show our respect and acknowledge the traditional custodians of this land.
Jacob Olsen: It is really important that people acknowledge Aboriginal Australian people, for respect.
Haidarr Jones: My name is Haidarr Jones
Jacob Olsen: And my name is Jacob Olsen
Together: And we are Aboriginal Australians.
Text: Indigenous or Aboriginal?
Haidarr Jones: Often people wonder how to refer to Aboriginal Australian people.
Jacob Olsen: Indigenous means native to a particular place
Haidarr Jones: While Aboriginal means inhabiting or existing in a land from their earliest times or from before the arrival of colonists.
Jacob Olsen: Both words are ok to use, but in writing they must be capitalised for respect
Haidarr Jones: Here is a brief history
Jacob Olsen: Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for at least 50 thousand years
Haidarr Jones: Before European settlement, there were over 500 Indigenous nations in Australia.
Jacob Olsen: When referring to Indigenous Australian people it is really important to use appropriate terminologies, such as Indigenous Australian people, Aboriginal people, Torres Strait Islander people, and Aboriginal nations.
Haidarr Jones: Less appropriate terms include Aborigines, blacks, coloured, the Aboriginal people, tribe and natives
Jacob Olsen: In the 1800s through the 1970s, the Australian public believed that Indigenous children were disadvantaged in their own communities.
Haidarr Jones: The Stolen Generation is a term that describes the Indigenous children that were removed from their families by the government.
Jacob Olsen: Here are some facts about Aboriginal people today.
Haidarr Jones: There are 670,000 people that are Indigenous Australians.
Jacob Olsen: And are 14 times more likely to be locked up in prison
Haidarr Jones: Only three per cent of Aboriginal people complete a university degree
Jacob Olsen: And the life expectancy is ten years less than non-Indigenous Australian
Haidarr Jones: Organisations such as CareerTrackers and AIME are determined to create better futures for Indigenous youth.
Jacob Olsen: In 2008, a campaign for Indigenous health equality was established. The 'close the gap' campaign shows thaqt significant improvements in the health, education and employment outcomes for Aboriginal people can be achieved before 2030.
Haidarr Jones: Film, art, music and dance are a vital part of Aboriginal culture.
Jacob Olsen: These are all different ways for Aboriginal people to tell dreamtime stories
Haidarr Jones: Movies with Aboriginal content were rare before 1995.
Jacob Olsen: Now there are over ten movies made each year with Aboriginal content in them.
Haidarr Jones: Plus a free to air national Indigneous television channel
Jacob Olsen: Art is an important part of conserving Aboriginal history. Traditional Aboriginal art dates back at least 30,000 years.
Haidarr Jones: Music and dance has always been a part of Aboriginal culture. Aboriginal people traditionally imitate animals when dancing to the sound of a didgeridoo at ceremonies.
Jacob Olsen: There are many Aboriginal people who are famous for a variety of reasons such as sport, music and acting.
Haidarr Jones: We now need to think about moving forward
Jacob Olsen: And create awareness of the issues
Haidarr Jones: More people need to acknowledge Indigenous culture
Jacob Olsen: This will then change the relationships between non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australians
Haidarr Jones: These will all contribute to closing the gap.
Together: Thank you for watching.