International treaties and conventions
Australia has ratified or is party to many International Treaties, particularly in the field of human rights. The most important of these treaties include:
- United Nations Charter
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
or Punishment (CAT)
- Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
- Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
- Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
- Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (CEVW)
Many of these treaties have now been accepted into international customary law and underpin the common law decisions (see "Teoh's Case" ) of our court system, the legislation enacted by our parliaments, and our domestic professional standards.
As part of its international obligations under the United Nations Charter, Australia is obliged to respect, protect and ensure fulfilment of the individual rights and freedoms contained in these treaties. Of specific interest to support workers are the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
Convention on the Rights of the child